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Newsletter 2/2017

April -- June 2017

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Project updates

Using Machine Learning to Model Interaction Effects in Education: A Graphical Approach Fritz Schiltz (Leuven Economics of Education Research, University of Leuven), Chiara Masci (Modelling and Scientific Computing, Department of Mathematics, Politecnico di Milano), Tommaso Agasisti (Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering, Politecnico di Milano) and Daniel Horn (CERS HAS) illustrate the ability of Machine Learning (ML) methods (Regression Trees, Random Forests and Boosting) to model the complex ‘education production function’ using Hungarian data. They find that, in contrast to ML methods, classical regression approaches fail to identify relevant nonlinear interactions such as the role of school principals to accommodate district size policies. They visualize nonlinear interaction effects in a way that can be easily interpreted. Read the paper. 
EdEN – Education Economics Network (2016-2018) supported by the European Union H2020 programme, Partners: Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Universiteit Maastricht, Politecnico Milano projets’s website

Creating (economic) space for social innovation. The CRESSI project has entered its final year. The project aims to explore the economic underpinnings of social innovation with a particular focus on the most marginalised and disempowered citizens in society. of the project. In their recent publication project members – Rafael Ziegler, György Molnár, Enrica Chiappero-Martinetti and Nadia von Jacobi – proposes a series of policy considerations. Journal of Human Development and Capabilities Vol. 18. No. 2. p. 2017. 293-298. Read the policy brief 

Read other publications

Cressi – Creating Economic Space for Social Innovation (2014—2018) supported by EU FP7, Coordinator: University of Oxford, project’s website

 

Publication highlights

Holger Görg, László Halpern, Balázs Muraközy: Why do within-firm–product export prices differ across markets?: evidence from Hungary. The World Economy Vol. 40. No. 6. 2017. p. 1233–1246.
In this study, they analyse the relationship between distance and f.o.b. export unit values using firm–product–destination data from Hungarian manufacturing. Using 10-digit Harmonized System data, they show that a doubling of distance is associated with about 7.5 per cent increase in the average product-level price, from which five percentage points can be attributed to within-firm–product variation. They run a number of tests to look for heterogeneity in this pattern. Interestingly, the measured effect is very similar for domestic and foreign firms but distance seems to matter somewhat more for EU countries than outside the EU. Read more

Stefan Bojnec, Fertő Imre: The duration of global agri-food export competitiveness. British Food Journal Vol. 119. No. 6. 2017. p. 1378–1393.
The purpose of this paper is to examine the pattern, duration and country-level determinants of global agri-food export competitiveness of 23 major global agri-food trading countries. The results suggest that the duration of revealed comparative advantage is heterogeneous at the agri-food product level. Long-term survival rates as revealed by the comparative advantage indices are among the highest for the Netherlands, France, Belgium, the USA, Argentina and New Zealand. The level of economic development, the share of agricultural employment, subsidies to agriculture and differentiated consumer agri-food products increase the likelihood of failure in the duration of comparative advantage, while the abundance of agricultural land and export diversification reduce that likelihood. Read more

Ethnic and Racial Studies Special Issue: Racialized Bordering Discourses on European Roma. Vol. 40. No 7. 2017.

Krisztina Keresztély, James W. Scott, Tünde Virág: Roma communities, urban development and social bordering in the inner city of Budapest. p. 1077–1095.
The paper presents an analysis of how discursive and material processes of urban regeneration in Budapest have contributed to the exclusion of long-standing Roma residents. Keresztély, Scott and Virag expose the political intentions of the local government to marginalize Roma families through re drawing social and spatial borders between social and ethnic groups living in the neighbourhood. Read more

Viktor Varjú & Shayna Plaut: Media mirrors? Framing Hungarian Romani migration to Canada in Hungarian and Canadian press. p. 1096–1113.
Several thousand people from former socialist countries, including Hungarian Roma, moved overseas during the last two decades. There were many reasons but for Roma, the motivations not only included a drastic loss of employment, but reemerging systemic and increasingly violent racism. This article focuses on the discursive framing of these motivations and the reaction within both Hungarian and Canadian newspapers from 1999 to 2013. They show how the “Hungarian Roma issue” becomes an example and reflection of the changing political culture. Read more

Nira Yuval-Davis, Viktor Varjú, Miika Tervonen, Jamie Hakim, Mastoureh Fathi: Press discourses on Roma in the UK, Finland and Hungary p. 1151–1169. This article analyses the political and media discourses on Roma in Hungary, Finland and the UK, in relation to the local Roma in these countries as well as those who migrated from Central and Eastern Europe countries following the fall of communism. Read more

The research was supported by EUBORDERSPAPES FP7 large scale project. Coordinator: Karelian Institute, University of Eastern Finland

Andrea Szalavetz: Intangible investments at multinational companies’ manufacturing subsidiaries: do they promote innovation-based upgrading? Equilibrium Vol. 12. No. 1. 2017. p. 63–80.
The purpose of this paper is to explore the features of intangible investment at MNCs’ manufacturing subsidiaries, on the example of Hungary. They investigate the following questions: a) What exactly do local manufacturing subsidiaries invest in, when they implement intangible investments? b) Is there a difference between the role of intangible investments at MNC level and at manufacturing subsidiary level? c) What is the association between subsidiary-level intangible investments and upgrading? They analyse a sample of 44 manufacturing subsidiaries in the Hungarian automotive and electronics industries. They carry out a qualitative content analysis of sample companies’ notes to their financial statements, complemented with other sources of corporate information. Read more

See other publications >>>

Recent conference presentations

Does buying local help? Consequences of poorly-regulated short food supply chains: implications for environmental policy Zsófia Benedek, Andrea Tabi
There is an on-going interest in local food systems worldwide. Increasing localism and political support of small-scale farmers, besides developing rural communities, are also thought to have positive environmental effects due to reduced food mileage. A Hungarian case study is used to demonstrate that (as a consequence of the economies of scale) small-scale farmers with bigger, more developed or more diversified farms might decide to transport their produce further (or more often), if not properly regulated; which implies that conflicts potentially exist between environmental and socio-economic goals. Download the presentation. 
ESEE 2017 Conference , 20–23 June 2017, Corvinus University of Budapest, Hungary

The Brexit impact on financial services and FinTech industry Ádám Kerényi
Junior research fellow introduced the FinTech phenomenon and presented some benchmarks which showed that the United Kingdom ranked first as having the strongest FinTech ecosystem globally. The London based hub particular competitive advantage used to be a world-leading FinTech policy environment. Due to the impact of the EU-Referendum it might be changed. A year has passed since that vote, however the potential Brexit-negotiation is still yet to be determined. The FinTech sector’s role in the UK economy is in a major transformation. Download the presentation.
Young Scholars Initiative Europe Convening 2017, 1—4 June, Trento Italy

Upcoming events

August 14—16. Budapest, Summer workshop, Organizer: Institute of Economics, Preliminary program

October 19–-20. Budapest. 5th International Workshop on Efficiency in Education — Eden project

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